Stem Cell Therapy, Anti-Aging and Prevention

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Stem cell therapy with your own cells

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Things you need to know about the body:

In the words of my mother, who is also a doctor, the human body is “a complex, compact and colourful mechanism”. She always mentions how stunning the human body is and even though she’s studied every part, every corner of it, she keeps saying, “I still find it amusing!” What is that makes the human body amusing? Let’s have a look at a few facts!

  1. Your bones are self-destructive! What?!! Well, listen to the logic- your bones are a storehouse of calcium, and if your body is lacking calcium, your bones will erode themselves till the calcium deposits in your body are back to normal! See how that works?
  2. Compared to its small size, the brain is the highest calorie grosser! It consumes 20% of the calories you consume and oxygen you intake! Mr Think Tank has quite a huge appetite!
  3. You more or less reach your adult height in your teenage – for girls, it’s 14-15 years and for boys 17-18 years of age. Very few people actually shoot up after puberty!
  4. Your body has a staggering level of pain threshold – how? Under tremendous pain, the brain turns off the pain-feeling capacity of the body. Only when you actually have managed to reach for help or get some medication does the switch flip back – and you’ll be back to wailing in pain!
  5. Our body is 55% water – which is why the emphasis is laid on keeping yourself hydrated at all times. You have to drink at least two litres of water to keep your bodily functions running smoothly.water
  6. Only ageing people are not vulnerable to mental illnesses – you become susceptible to mental illnesses right from your adolescence! Youngsters, beware!
  7. Without your little finger, you would lose 50% of your hand strength! Tiny finger holds the most significant responsibility!
  8. Wonder why foot massages feel so great? It’s because your feet are the shock-absorbers of your body! Every step you put a pressure that’s 1.5 times your body weight on your foot. Poor little feet!
  9. Wisdom teeth apparently came into existence because humans ages ago needed extra teeth to chew a lot of plants to get their share of calories. Ahem, we don’t need them anymore! But if you own these wisdom teeth, you’re one among the 5% people on earth who have the privilege of having “Wisdom”!
  10. Human decomposition begins 4 minutes after death. The innumerable bacteria and enzymes on and inside your body start eating you away. Gross!

I’m sure; like me, even you didn’t know most of these!

Interesting human cell facts you should know!

A cell, the tiniest section of your body, which is not even visible to the naked eye – what can be so interesting about it – you may wonder. But hey, after reading these facts about cells, you’ll know what even the tiniest cell in your body makes such a huge difference!

  1. Cells are very tiny; You cannot see them without a microscope – that’s something we’ve heard since we were growing up right? But hold on, there are exceptions here too – the nerve cells or neurons as they are known stretch from the tips of your toes to your hips – approximately one meter -quite huge, isn’t it?
  2. 300 billion cells are produced every day; this is to keep up with the 300 million cells dying every minute!
  3. Human cells have a membrane which holds all of its contents inside. And this membrane is not a mere sac – it is a membrane that has receptors to differentiate itself from other cells.
  4. Let’s hop into the cell to see what it contains – Endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi Apparatus, Mitochondria, Lysosomes, Microtubules, Microfilaments, Peroxisomes. Phew! And they say the cell is tiny!
  5. Cells also contain organelles, which are basically the kitchen of the cell. These organelles make proteins, process chemicals and generate energy for the cell – quite a recipe to keep the cells going!
  6. Cells together form tissues; these tissues together form organs – so basically the smallest unit of your heart is a cell.tissue
  7. It takes 60 seconds for blood cells to circulate through your body. In total ten years combined, a cell will have travelled over 96000 kilometres – that’s equivalent to 2.4 times of the earth’s circumference!
  8. Types of cells? Well, there are 20, and I bet you won’t be able to name all of them! Let’s try – Nerve cells, bone cells, Skin cells, Red blood cells, White blood cells…. some other cells…Told you!
  9. There are 23 pairs (46 in all) chromosomes in the human body. Chromosomes are inside the nucleus of the cell. The nucleus is inside the cell. The point I’m trying to put forth here is – if this is the case, imagine how tiny chromosomes are!
  10. How many cells do we actually have in our body? 37.2 trillion! Woah!
  11. Red blood cells have a lifespan of 120 days. Neurons live as long as you do. Skin cells have the least lifespan – only a few weeks!

How exercise changes fat and muscle cells:

Working out regularly can you get fit and fab. Your body gets toned down, you shed all that extra fat and lose a few extra kilos. Have you ever thought about the logic behind this? Well, the fact is – exercise affects both cells and muscles! So how does it exactly work? Let’s have a look –

exercise

Researchers have conducted studies that have proved that exercise changes the genetic composition of your cells. This helps the tissues in your body to burn fat and sugar faster. Exercising has the capability to alter the behaviour of your DNA, although the fundamental structure remains the same.

So how does this happen? One of the most effective gene affecting activity is methylation. In this process, the methyl groups which are a cluster of carbon and hydrogen atoms attached outside the genes, making it either harder or easier for the gene to receive messages from the body. Now, Methylation is a process largely dependent on the way you live your life – for example, the most commonly known methylation affecting factor is diet. There’s an immediate effect on the genetic methylation patterns.

The role of exercise in methylation was not so clear earlier – and was not even researched well. But recently, a study conducted shows that exercise has a remarkable impact on the process of methylation. However, this process takes time – it happens only when you exercise for a continuous period of time. The cells become more methylated, but with fewer methyl groups around them – making their genes more receptive to messages from the body.

An interesting point to be noted is that the genes that showed the highest level of alteration were of those cells which were earlier fat cells. Basically, the concentration of these methyl groups starts getting distributed evenly – those cells which don’t have ethyl groups in them gain them, and those which have plenty lose them.

And even if the total calories burnt are the same, those performing exercises with more energy and vigour tend to have a more significant change in their methyl patterns. This proves nothing but the age-old fact of how exercise is essential to keep your body robust and active.

So, you understood how cell-altering exercise is? It has an immense capacity to alter not only your body but also the behaviour of the DNA. This is why you should include at least an hour of exercise in your daily routine.

Stay fit and fab!

Effects of physical activity on cellular level:

The impacts of working out are very obvious on the body. Here’s a visible change in your otherwise flabby body – you look more fit, lean and toned down. However, there are numerous effects of exercising that are not visible to your eye. That’s because these changes happen at the cellular level. Wondering what I’m talking about? Read on to know more!

In science lectures in school, you have come across this statement many times ” Mitochondria is the powerhouse of the cell” The cell will be dead if it doesn’t have any mitochondria in it. Apart from generating energy for the cell, Mitochondria has many more functions – regulation of cell membrane potential and cellular metabolism – metabolism, which is crucial in effectively burning calories.

So, the studies conducted show that exercising has a stunning impact on the mitochondrial capacity of the body. At the same time, the insulin sensitivity of the body also increases, and this is important to keep the risk of diabetes away from the body.

Exercise has a remarkable effect on the muscle cells too. When you exercise, the muscle cells contract – at this time, the contracted muscle cells release myokines. Myokines are proteins which play an essential role in people who have Rheumatoid Arthritis. What happens is, when a person contacts rheumatoid arthritis, his muscles become inflamed. This unbearable pain leads them to quit exercising. However, it has been found that exercise actually helps these people. The release of myokines helps to reduce inflammation and decrease the progression of this disease,

muscle

Another study has proved that exercise makes you younger! This direct effect of exercise on cells makes them younger. The telomeres are the ends of the protein caps in human chromosomes (chromosomes are an essential part of the cell). So these telomeres are markers of age and good health. Telomeres get shorter as you age and people with shorter telomeres age quickly. This doesn’t mean that people with longer telomeres live longer, but yes –people with longer telomeres have better chances to live longer and healthier.

It has been noticed, that moderate exercise has its own benefits – it cannot be denied. But the impact of high-intensity workout is the greatest. People who exercise for 150-200 minutes every week are more likely to reap better and impactful benefits.

Exercise is an essential part of your lives and doing it religiously every day will surely help you gain its benefits. Keep exercising– for a longer, healthier life!

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