Working out regularly can you get fit and fab. Your body gets toned down, you shed all that extra fat and lose a few extra kilos. Have you ever thought about the logic behind this? Well, the fact is – exercise affects both cells and muscles! So how does it exactly work? Let’s have a look –
Researchers have conducted studies that have proved that exercise changes the genetic composition of your cells. This helps the tissues in your body to burn fat and sugar faster. Exercising has the capability to alter the behaviour of your DNA, although the fundamental structure remains the same.
So how does this happen? One of the most effective gene affecting activity is methylation. In this process, the methyl groups which are a cluster of carbon and hydrogen atoms attached outside the genes, making it either harder or easier for the gene to receive messages from the body. Now, Methylation is a process largely dependent on the way you live your life – for example, the most commonly known methylation affecting factor is diet. There’s an immediate effect on the genetic methylation patterns.
The role of exercise in methylation was not so clear earlier – and was not even researched well. But recently, a study conducted shows that exercise has a remarkable impact on the process of methylation. However, this process takes time – it happens only when you exercise for a continuous period of time. The cells become more methylated, but with fewer methyl groups around them – making their genes more receptive to messages from the body.
An interesting point to be noted is that the genes that showed the highest level of alteration were of those cells which were earlier fat cells. Basically, the concentration of these methyl groups starts getting distributed evenly – those cells which don’t have ethyl groups in them gain them, and those which have plenty lose them.
And even if the total calories burnt are the same, those performing exercises with more energy and vigour tend to have a more significant change in their methyl patterns. This proves nothing but the age-old fact of how exercise is essential to keep your body robust and active.
So, you understood how cell-altering exercise is? It has an immense capacity to alter not only your body but also the behaviour of the DNA. This is why you should include at least an hour of exercise in your daily routine.
Stay fit and fab!